• H.E. Seretse Khama Ian Khama

  • President

  • “The more industrially-advanced economies within us can assist the least-developed and small, vulnerable economies to leverage on them to also increase their productive capacities. In turn, this will lead to jobs being created and thus reducing labour mobility and concentration in one or two economies in the region.”
Full name Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana)
Capital Gaborone
Area 581,730 km2
Location Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Geographic coordinates 22 00 S, 24 00 E
Population 2,182,719
Languages
  • Setswana 78.2%
  • Kalanga 7.9%
  • Sekgalagadi 2.8%
  • English (official) 2.1%
  • Sesarwa 1.9%
  • Sempukushu 1.7%
  • other 5.1%
  • unspecified 0.2%
Religion
  • Christian 71.6%
  • Badimo 6%
  • other 1.4% (includes Baha'i, Hindu, Muslim)
  • unspecified 0.4%
  • none 20.6%
Demonym Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Currency Botswana Pula (BWP)
Country code +267
Internet code .bw
Industry Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, livestock processing, textiles
Agriculture Sorghum, maize, millet, livestock
Exports Diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat
Government website www.gov.bw

Source: CIA World Factbook & National Geographic

dog checks
Introduction

Blessed with some of the greatest wildlife spectacles on earth, Botswana is one of the best safari destinations in Africa. There are more elephants in Botswana than any other country, the big cats roam free and there’s everything from endangered African wild dogs to aquatic antelopes, from rhinos making a comeback to abundant birdlife at every turn.

This is also the land of the Okavango Delta and the Kalahari Desert, iconic African landscapes, and vast stretches of wilderness. Put these landscapes together with the wildlife that inhabits them and it’s difficult to escape the conclusion that this is Africa at its best.

Source: Lonely Planet

Economy

The economy of Botswana rebounded in the last five years after a significant setback following the 2008 global economic downturn. However, the country’s pace of economic activity moderated in 2014, reflecting modest growth in mining and persistent electricity and water supply problems.

Botswana’s growth prospects look promising, with real GDP growth projected to pick up slightly in 2016-2017. The improvement in growth over the medium term is predicated on the government’s Economic Stimulus Programme (ESP), a gradual recovery in the global diamond market and increased energy availability following the completion of remedial measures at Morupule B Power Station. The favourable outlook is also underpinned by expected growth in manufacturing following the commission, in 2015, of a steel manufacturing plant and a horticultural processing plant.

Inflation continued to fall and breached the lower end of the Bank of Botswana’s medium term target range in February, March, September, and November 2015. Annual average inflation ended the year in 2015 much lower than in 2014, reflecting lower fuel prices and the government’s commitment to prudent monetary policy.

Botswana has experienced a high rate of urbanisation, with nearly two-thirds of the country’s total population now living in urban areas. Although rural to urban migration and natural population increase have played a role in the increase of urban population, the positive trend is mainly due to the reclassification of some villages to urban settlements.

Ecology

The Okavango Delta is the largest inland delta in the world. Waters start flowing from the highlands of Angola all the way over the sands of the Kalahari Desert. The Delta gives life to many forms of life which seems to be unexpected in the middle of a desert. The Okavango Delta became the 1000th inscribed site on the World Heritage List of UNESCO in 2014.

Successes

Botswana is one of Africa’s veritable economic and human development success stories. It has made the transition from Least Developed Country (LDC) at the time of independence in 1966 to Middle Income Country (MIC) in three decades.

By 2004, Botswana had surpassed the World Bank’s upper MIC threshold largely due to substantial mineral revenues, especially from diamonds and competent political and economic governance. These were reflected most comprehensively in A-grade sovereign credit ratings, the best for an African economy for most of the last decade.

The country’s latest Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Progress Report published in 2010 shows that substantial improvements on many goals have been made: the percentage of people living below the poverty datum line has steadily declined from 47% in 1993 to 30% in 2002. It has already achieved five of the eight Millennium Development Goals.

Botswana provides a comprehensive regime of social safety nets with high rates of coverage. These provide a comprehensive buffer against hunger. Thus, Botswana has no record of people dying of hunger. The social safety nets include separate programmes for destitute persons, the aged, people with disability, orphans, and World War II veterans.

Source: UNDP