• H.E. Sir Anerood Jugnauth

  • Prime Minister

  • “The tide of the World Order has now changed and Africa is rising resolutely towards a brighter future, in full exercise of its sovereign rights. It is poised to become a powerful magnet for investment, job creation and sustainable development.”
Full name Republic of Mauritius
Capital Port Louis
Area 2,040 km2
Location Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, about 800 km (500 mi) east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates 20 17 S, 57 33 E
Population 1,339,827
Languages
  • Creole 86.5%
  • Bhojpuri 5.3%
  • French 4.1%
  • two languages 1.4%
  • other 2.6% (includes English, the official language
  • which is spoken by less than 1% of the population), unspecified 0.1%
Religion
  • Hindu 48.5%
  • Roman Catholic 26.3%
  • Muslim 17.3%
  • other Christian 6.4%
  • other 0.6%
  • unspecified 0.1%
Demonym Mauritian(s)
Currency Mauritian rupee (MUR)
Country code +230
Internet code .mu
Industry Food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, chemicals, metal products
Agriculture Sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, cattle, fish
Exports Clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses
Government website www.govmu.org

Source: CIA World Factbook & National Geographic

dog checks
Introduction

Mauritius is famed for its sapphire-blue waters, powder-white beaches, and luxury resorts that provide a front-row seat onto some of the most beautiful views in the Indian Ocean.

Once thought to be the preserve of nearby Madagascar, wildlife tourism in Mauritius is rapidly gaining popularity. Mauritius has saved more bird species from extinction than any other country on earth, and you can now see two of the loveliest birds of the Indian Ocean – the pink pigeon and the Mauritian kestrel – at various places around the island. Giant tortoises – in captivity in their hundreds, or roaming free on Île aux Aigrettes – are another draw card, while dolphins, whales and sharks are just three highlights of the island’s richly biodiverse marine environment.

Source: Lonely Planet

Economy

The Mauritian economy maintained real growth of 3.2% in 2014. Economic growth in 2013-2014 was driven by the information and communications technology (ICT) sector and by the financial and insurance sector, which grew by 6.8% and 5.4%, respectively.

The Bank of Mauritius (BoM) maintained the key repo rate (KRR) at 4.65% throughout 2014. Year-on-year headline CPI peaked at 4.5% in March 2014, against the backdrop of public sector wage increases and higher food prices. It then slowed to 3.2% by September 2014, on the back of falling energy prices. Export growth contributed 4.4% to GDP, up from 3.5% in 2013.

The Government of Mauritius (GoM) has drawn up an economic “blue-print” offering a strategic vision for a more diversified and resilient economy and an action plan to achieve High Income Country status by 2025. The “blue-print” plan calls for economic growth of 8-9% per annum and an upward growth trajectory in ICT, the seafood and marine industry, as well as the financial, business and biomedical services sectors. The implementation of the Maurice Il Durable Program and Action Plan which provides the framework for “green growth” and sustainable development of the island and that of the “Blue” Economy could contribute to a 1% rise in the GDP within the next two years. This involves harnessing the oceanic resources to strengthen Mauritius’ competitiveness through innovation in areas such as deep-sea water exploitation, bio-pharmacy, and renewable energy.

Tourism

The Seven Coloured Earths is a well-known tourist attraction at Chamarel in the southwest part of Mauritius. Visitors are enthralled by this geological formation of seven colours of sand that spontaneously settle in different layers, giving the dunes a surrealistic, striped appearance. These colourful sand dunes seemingly never erode, in spite of Mauritius’ torrential, tropical rains.

Mauritius is also winning plaudits for the excellence of its food, and that goes for fine-dining restaurants at five-star resorts as well as beachside shacks serving fish just off the boat. Curries, seafood, and staples like the salade d’ourite (octopus salad) owe their presence to influences from Mauritius’ Indian, Chinese, French and Creole communities. The charming tradition of the table d’hôte, the family table opened to all and covered with the signature dishes of Mauritian home cooking, captures the essence of the warm local welcome.

Successes

Mauritius has been consistently ranked as the most well-governed country in Africa by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation. In the most recent study, of the four categories used to measure governance, Mauritius came top in two (‘participation and human rights’/’sustainable economic opportunity’) and second behind Cape Verde for ‘safety and the rule of law’.

In addition, Mauritius came 72 out of 169 countries in the 2010 UN Human Development Report, making it one of only three African countries considered to have ‘high human development.’