|Full name||United Republic of Tanzania|
|Capital||Dar es Salaam (administrative), Dodoma (legislative)|
|Location||Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique|
|Geographic coordinates||6 00 S, 35 00 E|
|Currency||Tanzanian shilling (TZS)|
|Internet code||.tz||Industry||Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining|
|Agriculture||Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, cattle|
|Exports||Gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton|
|Geographic note||The world’s earliest human skull was found in the Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania.|
Tanzania is the land of safaris. Wildebeest stampede across the plains. Hippos jostle for space in muddy waterways. Elephants wander along seasonal migration routes and chimpanzees swing through the treetops.
Throughout the country, there are unparalleled opportunities to experience its abundant natural wealth. Take a boat safari down the Rufiji River past snoozing crocodiles in Selous Game Reserve. Watch giraffes silhouetted against ancient baobab trees in Ruaha National Park. Sit motionless as water birds peck in the shallows around Rubondo Island. Hold your breath while a lion pads in front of your vehicle in Ngorongoro Crater.
You can meet red-cloaked Maasai warriors or the semi-nomadic Barabaig near Mount Hanang. Experience the hospitality of a local meal or the rhythms of traditional dance. Watch Makonde carvers bring wood to life. Chat and barter at local markets in the Usambara Mountains. Wherever you go, opportunities are abound for getting to know Tanzania’s people and cultures.
More than anything else, it is Tanzanians themselves – with their characteristic warmth and politeness, and the dignity and beauty of their cultures – who make a visit so memorable. Chances are that you will want to come back for more, to which most Tanzanians will say ‘karibu tena’ (welcome again).
Source: Lonely Planet
Tanzania’s economic performance has remained stable and strong over the past decade. There was 7% growth in 2014 driven mainly by the services, industry, construction, and information and communication sectors. For the medium term, growth is projected to outperform the records of 2014 and 2015, increasing to 7.2%. While other sectors are expected to at least perform at their recent levels, higher growth performance is expected largely from increased industrial activities and investment in infrastructure. The inflation rate in 2014 was 6.1% and is expected to further reduce due to favourable weather conditions that will lead to a sustained level of agricultural output and prudent fiscal and monetary policy management. The government’s total debt is sustainable at 30.2% of GDP in 2014-2015.
On social and human development, there has been an improvement in Tanzania’s Human Development Index value from 0.371 to 0.521 between 1985 and 2014. Between 1980 and 2014, life expectancy at birth increased by 14.5 years, expected years of schooling increased by 3.3 years, and infant mortality declined from 68 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2005 to 41 in 2012-2013.
The general election of October 2015 led to the emergence of Dr. John Magufuli as the president of the United Republic of Tanzania, with a five-year mandate. The president has unveiled a comprehensive five-year work plan that focuses on addressing land ownership, water, health services, education, agriculture, electricity and justice delivery issues. The plan also focuses on government effectiveness and efficiency, increasing government revenue and combating corruption. Faithful implementation of policies and programmes in these areas outlined by the president will be crucial in addressing Tanzania’s poverty problem in the medium term.
Source: African Economic Outlook
Tanzania has taken positive steps towards including women in decision-making. The Parliament passed a Bill in 2000 to increase the allocation of seats for women. In the local government councils, women are assured of 33% of seats, while in the Union Parliament women are assured 20%. Women held 31% of seats in the national parliament in 2011.
The number of people using mobile phones has increased dramatically in the last decade, with more people and businesses using them to increase their income and efficiency.
Source: Action for Southern Africa