• H.E. Robert Mugabe

  • President

  • “In our endeavour to build a stable and prosperous SADC, we should always emulate the revolutionary spirit and principled stance of the Founding Fathers of our organisation. We should never forget that our people made huge sacrifices for us to become today the masters of our own destiny.”
Full name Republic of Zimbabwe
Capital Harare
Area 390,757 km2
Location Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia
Geographic coordinates 20 00 S, 30 00 E
Population 14,229,541
Languages
  • Shona (official; most widely spoken)
  • Ndebele (official second most widely spoken)
  • English (official; traditionally used for official business)
  • 13 minority languages (official; includes Chewa, Chibarwe, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Shangani, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa)
Religion
  • Protestant 75.9% (includes Apostolic 38%, Pentecostal 21.1%, other 16.8%)
  • Roman Catholic 8.4%
  • other Christian 8.4%
  • other 1.2% (includes traditional, Muslim)
  • none 6.1%
Demonym Zimbabwean(s)
Currency Zimbabwean dollar (ZWD)
Country code +263
Internet code .zw
Industry Mining (coal, gold), steel, wood products, cement, chemicals
Agriculture Corn, cotton, tobacco, wheat, cattle
Exports Tobacco, gold, ferroalloys, textiles, clothing
Government website www.zim.gov.zw
Geographic note Lake Kariba between Zambia and Zimbabwe is considered the world’s largest man-made lake and reservoir by volume.
Source: CIA World Factbook & National Geographic
dog checks
Introduction

An adventurous journey in Zimbabwe will take you through an attractive patchwork of landscapes, from central Highveld, balancing boulders and flaming msasa trees, to laidback towns, lush Eastern Highlands and a network of lifeblood rivers up north.

More and more visitors are drawn to spot the Big Five strut their stuff around spectacular parks, to discover World Heritage-listed archaeological sites and stand in awe of the natural wonder of the world, Victoria Falls.

Along the way you’ll receive a friendly welcome from locals, famous for their politeness and resilience in the face of hardship. While they still have a long way to go, sure signs of recovery continue in Zimbabwe, giving hope to the nation that a new dawn will soon rise.

Source: Lonely Planet

Economy

The period 2009-2012 was marked by an economic rebound following the introduction of the multiple currency system, with the economy growing at an average rate of 11.0% per annum. Real GDP is projected to marginally improve due to planned investments in agriculture, mining, communications, and other infrastructure projects including the water and energy sectors.

On 29 October 2014, the government approved a debt resolution strategy, with the main objective of expediting the re-engagement process with creditors. The economic recovery in recent years has been underpinned by the mining and agriculture sectors, which accounted for 93.5% of export revenues between 2009 and 2013.

Successes

The war of independence spearheaded by Robert Mugabe’s Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) party is still regarded as an extraordinary achievement in the struggle for liberation on the continent. As well as inspiring other opposition groups in the region to mobilise politically, the event represented a clear victory for African nationalism in the face of European domination.

In the years following independence, Zimbabwe’s economy grew, spending on health doubled, funding for education tripled and infant mortality and literacy levels improved dramatically.

The first case of AIDS in Zimbabwe was reported in 1985 and the rate of HIV/AIDS prevalence grew thereafter. However, in the next 15 years, the rate of infection has decreased rapidly. The figure is now reported to be at around 14.3%, suggesting that Zimbabwe has made a real effort to address the HIV/AIDS pandemic.